A new study suggests that trustworthy people have a surprising thing in common—their propensity for guilt.
During our everyday lives, we’re tasked with determining in whom we ought to put our confidence –if we are calling if a buddy is very likely to pay us evaluating if or not a politician will continue to keep their effort promises or selecting a romantic partner.
But how do we tell if a person is trustworthy?
The investigators requested 401 adults in the United States to complete a questionnaire measuring their guilt-proneness in various scenarios, in addition to other traits, then play a brief online match. Within this game, Player 1 is awarded 1, which they may decide to contribute to Player 2. Player 2 may then determine whether to maintain all the cash (breaking up the confidence Player 1 put inside them) or act in a trusted way by returning some of the cash to Player 1.
In the analysis, participants were assigned to function as Player 2, and Player 1 (someone cooperating with the investigators ) consistently gave them 1 (that was raised to $2.50). Participants can then choose whether to maintain the entire $2.50 or yield half of their cash to Player 1. The investigators discovered that more guilt-prone individuals were likely to split the money with Player 1. In reality, in followup research, guilt-proneness called trustworthiness greater than other character traits that the researchers quantified (the Big Five).
Why might guilt result in trustworthy behavior? In a number of the research, the investigators revealed that the secret linking the two was a feeling of social responsibility: Individuals who had been guilt-prone reported feeling a responsibility to behave in moral and accountable ways while socializing with their spouse from the match. The emotion of guilt is triggered when people recognize a wrongdoing they’ve committed, and individuals that are guilt-prone often avoid engaging in behaviours that may hurt or neglect others (behaviours that would cause them to feel guilty).
Previously, a lot of the psychological research on trust concentrated on what makes individuals trusting–for instance, how variables like gratitude can encourage confidence. Studies have also looked at the several advantages of hope, from its function in developing relationships to its consequences on the market.
But, there is a significant limit to the advantages of trust–if trust is misplaced and led towards people that are untrustworthy, it may lead expecting individuals to be manipulated. This study fills a significant difference in aiding us identify the men and women who deserve our confidence.
Just how do we use this study to establish whether a person is trustworthy? 1 means to do this could be to see how they react to previous transgressions and if they seem to experience guilt, Levine describes. This is especially telling, Cohen and her colleagues have discovered, since it lets us see if they’re worried about the impacts their activities have on other people (in other words, if they have a feeling of social responsibility).
Guilt could be an uncomfortable feeling, yet this study helps us why it is. Not only does this inspire us to make amends, but it might also be a sign to the people about us that people could be relied upon.